Its aim is to make the EU "the most dynamic and competitive knowledge-based economy in the world capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion, and respect for the environment by 2010“.
Its aim is to create the European higher education area by making academic degree standards and quality assurance standards more comparable and compatible throughout Europe, in particular under the Lisbon Recognition Convention.
The need of "creating conditions for successful TT through adequate staffing of Knowledge Transfer offices, promoting entrepreneurial mindset,…, promoting interactions between academia and SMEs, and measuring progress in knowledge transfer activities” (COM(2007)182)
The overall objective of the programme (2007-2013) will be to contribute to an area of cooperation in the field of higher education involving the European Union and partner countries in the surrounding area. In particular, the programme will help promote voluntary convergence with EU developments in the field of higher education deriving from the Lisbon agenda and the Bologna process.
The economic recovery which can be observed in all 3 countries during the last years is slowly but surely changing the situation to the better:
- unprecedented increase in research funding for the Russian universities started in 2007;
- the Ukrainian Government envisages to invest in the innovation structure ~ 12,6 million euro in the next five years;
- the Moldova’s Governmental plan aiming to increase the share of RTD expenditures in GDP from 0,35% in 2005 by 1% until the end of 2009 and mainly through funding RTD in universities